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A growing introduction to and examination of the works of the Persian poets Mevlana Jalaluddin Rumi (1207-1273) and Omar Khayyam (1048-1123) in English translation.

For Peter.


Omar Khayyam


Comparisons: Side-by-side “poetic” and literal translations of Rumi's Ghazals by some of his most faithful translators.
(updated 10/24/01)

Poems: A selection of poems translated by Arberry, Barks, Khalili, Chittick, and Marshall.
(updated 3/6/02)

The Rubaiyat

The Fitzgerald Rubaiyat: The fifth edition of Edward Fitzgerald's translation, accompanied by Edmund Dulac's illustrations.

The Whinfield Rubaiyat: The longer and more literal translation by E.H. Whinfield.

Comparisons: Side-by-side comparison of Fitzgerald's (and other) translations. (Outside)

Context (Rumi)

Life of Rumi: Biographical and contextual information about Rumi. (Outside)

Rumi @ Britannica: Good context from Britannica by Annemarie Schimmel, Rumi scholar and translator. (Outside)


Context (Khayyam)

Biography : Extensive biographical information by Edward Fitzgerald. (Outside)

Omar Khayyam @ Britannica: Concise biographical information. (Outside)

Related Resources



Edmund Dulac Illustrations: more fairy tale illustrations from the Rubaiyat illustrator.

Persian Miniatures: a small but lovely selection of miniature paintings.

Persian Carpets: a gallery of fairly large scans of photographs.



Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi Orders: an excellent, thorough, and well-annotated site about Sufism.

Sufi Mystica: Sufism in a nutshell. Large general site with a section for non-Muslim visitors and interesting multimedia files.